Ultrasound anatomy in the normal neonatal and infant foot: an anatomic introduction to ultrasound assessment of foot deformities.
2002 (English)In: European Radiology, ISSN 0938-7994, Vol. 12, no 9, 2306-12 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The aim of this study was to establish guidelines for US assessment of the talo-crural, the talo-navicular and the calcaneo-cuboid joints during the first year of life, which could serve as a reference while studying foot deformities. The feet of 54 healthy children were examined at birth and at the age of 4, 7 and 12 months by using three easily defined and reproducible US projections. With a medial projection the relation of the navicular in relation to the medial malleolus and the head of the talus was studied. A lateral projection revealed the calcaneo-cuboid relationship and a dorsal projection the talo-navicular alignment in the sagittal plane. Normal values for measurements of these cartilaginous relationships were established for the different age groups. Intra- and inter-observer reliability was assessed and found to be acceptable ( r=0.53-0.90, Pearson correlation coefficient). With US it is possible to obtain reproducible planes of investigation that give reliable information about the talo-crural, the talo-navicular and the calcaneo-cuboid relationships during the first year of life.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2002. Vol. 12, no 9, 2306-12 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-105166DOI: 10.1007/s00330-001-1243-8PubMedID: 12195486OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-105166DiVA: diva2:220611