Neonatal hip instability: a prospective comparison of clinical examination and anterior dynamic ultrasound
2008 (English)In: Acta radiologica (Stockholm, Sweden : 1987), ISSN 1600-0455, Vol. 49, no 2, 212-9 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
BACKGROUND: Ultrasound is increasingly being used to complement the clinical examination in assessing neonatal hip instability. The clinical examination, although highly sensitive in detecting hip instability, can lead to considerable overtreatment. PURPOSE: To compare anterior dynamic ultrasound and clinical examination in the assessment of neonatal hip instability and regarding treatment rates. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 536 newborn infants (out of a population of 18,031) were selected, on the basis of a combination of risk factors, clinical signs of hip instability or ambiguous clinical findings, to undergo an anterior dynamic ultrasound examination of the hip, by a method developed by our group. This examination, performed by one out of seven experienced examiners, was compared with the standard clinical hip examination conducted by one of four pediatric orthopedic surgeons. The clinical examination was carried out both prior to and within a few hours after the ultrasound examination. RESULTS: The clinical examination diagnosed 81.7% of the hips as normal, 14.5% as unstable, and 3.8% as dislocatable or dislocated. With the dynamic ultrasound method, the corresponding figures were 87.8%, 10.4%, and 1.8%, respectively. Use of the criteria of the clinical examination resulted in treatment of 147 infants. Using the dynamic ultrasound examination as a criterion meant that 87 infants would receive treatment. The calculated treatment rate was 0.85% when based on the clinical stress test and 0.49% when based on the dynamic ultrasound. CONCLUSION: The dynamic ultrasound results reduced the treatment rate by over 40% when used as a basis for the decision regarding treatment.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 49, no 2, 212-9 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-105316DOI: 10.1080/02841850701775014PubMedID: 18300149OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-105316DiVA: diva2:221075