Extracellular matrix-polymer hybrid materials produced in a pulsed-flow bioreactor system
2009 (English)In: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine, ISSN 1932-6254, Vol. 3, no 3, 188-195 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Cell adhesion, interaction with material, cell proliferation and the production of an extracellular matrix (ECM) are all important factors determining the successful performance of an engineered scaffold. Scaffold design should aim at creating structures which can guide cells into forming new, functional tissue. In this study, the concept of in situ deposition of ECM by human dermal fibroblasts onto a compliant, knitted poly (ethyleneterephtalate) support is demonstrated, creating in vitro produced ECM polymer hybrid materials for tissue engineering. Comparison of cells cultured under static and dynamic conditions were examined, and the structure and morphology of the materials so formed were evaluated, along with the amount collagen deposited by the seeded cells. In vitro produced ECM polymer hybrid scaffolds could be created in this way, with the dynamic culture conditions increasing ECM deposition. Histological analysis indicated a homogenous distribution of cells in the 1 mm thick scaffold, surrounded by a matrix-like structure. ECM deposition was observed throughout the materials wigh 81.6 µg/cm2 of collagen deposited after 6 weeks. Cell produced bundles of ECM fibres bridged the polymer filaments and anchored cells to the support. These findings open hereto unknown possibilities of producing materials with structure designed by engineering together with biochemical composition given by cells.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, Ltd , 2009. Vol. 3, no 3, 188-195 p.
extracellular matrix, scaffold, polymer support, fibroblasts, bioreactor, dynamic culture conditions
Research subject Inorganic Chemistry
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-106096DOI: 10.1002/term.152ISI: 000265268400003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-106096DiVA: diva2:223885