Neutral CH3Cl and CH3Br clusters studied by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and modeling: Insight to intermolecular interactions and structure
2008 (English)In: Journal of Electron Spectroscopy and Related Phenomena, ISSN 0368-2048, Vol. 166, 53-64 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Single-component clusters of methyl chloride and methyl bromide have been produced by adiabatic expansion and their C 1s, Cl 2p and Br 3d photoelectron spectra recorded using synchrotron radiation and a high-resolution electron analyzer. The experimentally observed cluster-to-monomer shifts in core-level ionization energies are interpreted in terms of theoretical models based on molecular dynamics (MD) in conjunction with polarizable force fields developed and validated in the course of this work. MD simulations have also been used to explore the global and local structure of the clusters, providing evidence for a predominance of anti-parallel, head-to-tail arrangement of neighboring molecules. Whereas the cluster-to-monomer shifts are strongly dominated by polarization effects, the polarization contribution is very similar for ionization of carbon and the halogen, respectively. The difference in cluster shifts between the two ionization sites within the same molecule, C vs. Cl or C vs. Br, is thus determined by permanent electrostatic moments, i.e. the magnitude and direction of the permanent dipole moment and the local alignment of dipoles.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 166, 53-64 p.
Cluster, Adiabatic expansion, Photoelectron spectroscopy, Methyl chloride, Methyl bromide, Polarizable force field, Molecular dynamics, Structure
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-106994DOI: 10.1016/j.elspec.2008.07.011ISI: 000261354000009OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-106994DiVA: diva2:227544