Concomitant administration of nitric oxide and glucocorticoids improves protection against bronchoconstriction in a murine model of asthma
2010 (English)In: Journal of applied physiology, ISSN 8750-7587, E-ISSN 1522-1601, Vol. 109, no 2, 521-531 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Glucocorticoids (GC) remain the first choice of treatment in asthma, but GC therapy is not always effective and is associated with side effects. In a porcine study in our laboratory, simultaneous administration of GC and nitric oxide (NO) attenuated the endotoxin-induced inflammatory response and made GC treatment more effective than inhaled NO or steroids alone. In the present study, we aimed to further investigate the interactions between NO and GC treatment in two murine models of asthma. Inflammation was induced by endotoxin, ovalbumin, or a combination of both. With an animal ventilator and a forced oscillation method (FlexiVent), lung mechanics and airway reactivity to methacholine in response to various treatments were assessed. We also describe histology and glucocorticoid receptor (GR) protein expression in response to inhaled NO treatment [40 ppm NO gas or NO donors sodium nitroprusside (SNP) or diethylamine NONOate (DEA/NO)]. SNP and GC provided protection against bronchoconstriction to a similar degree in the model of severe asthma. When GC-treated mice were given SNP, maximum airway reactivity was further reduced. Similar effects were seen after DEA/NO delivery to GC-treated animals. Using 1-H-[1,2,4]-oxadiazolo-[4,3-a]-quinoxalin-1-one (ODQ), a soluble guanylate cyclase inhibitor, we found this effect of NO donors to be mediated through a cGMP-independent mechanism. In the severe model, prolonged NO treatment restored or even increased the nuclear levels of GR. In conclusion, in our murine model of severe asthma GC treatment provided protection to only a limited degree against bronchoconstriction, while concomitant treatment with a NO donor was markedly more potent than the use of either NO or GC alone.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 109, no 2, 521-531 p.
airway inflammation, glucocorticoid sensitivity, nitric oxide, lung mechanics, murine models
Medical and Health Sciences
Research subject Physiology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-107060DOI: 10.1152/japplphysiol.01317.2009ISI: 000280758800034PubMedID: 20538845OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-107060DiVA: diva2:227609