Four-fold increase in direct costs of stroke-survivors with spas-ticity compared to stroke-survivors without spasticity: the first year after the event
2010 (English)In: Stroke, ISSN 0039-2499, E-ISSN 1524-4628, Vol. 41, no 2, 319-324 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Background and Purpose:
The prevalence of spasticity after first-ever stroke is approximately 20%, but there are no health economic studies on costs associated with spasticity after stroke. The objective of our study was to estimate direct costs of stroke with spasticity for patients surviving up to one year after the stroke event in comparison to costs of stroke without spastic-ity.
A representative sample of first-ever stroke patients hospitalized at Uppsala University Hospital was eligible for our cross-sectional survey. All direct costs during one year were identified for each patient, includ-ing costs for hospitalization (acute and rehabilitation), primary health care, medication, and costs for municipality services. The Swedish currency (SEK) was converted into Purchasing Power Parities US dollar (PPP$).
Median age (inter-quartile range) was 73 years (18), and the proportion of women was 48%. The majority of the direct costs (78%) were associated with hospitalization, whereas 20% was associated with municipality services during one year after first-ever stroke. Only 1% of all direct costs were related to primary health care and 1% to medication. The level of costs for stroke patients was correlated with the presence of spasticity, as measured with modified Ashworth Scale (rs = 0.524), and with the degree of disability, as measured with modified Rankin Scale (rs = 0.624). The mean (median, inter-quartile range) direct cost for stroke patients with spasticity was PPP$ 84 195 (72 116, 53 707) compared to PPP$ 21 842 (12 385, 17 484) for stroke patients without spasticity (P < 0.001).
Direct costs for stroke patients with spasticity are four times higher than direct costs for non-spasticity stroke patients during the first year after the event.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 41, no 2, 319-324 p.
stroke, spasticity, cost of illness, medical economics
Research subject Neurology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-107135DOI: 10.1161/STROKEAHA.109.558619ISI: 000273951600022OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-107135DiVA: diva2:227839