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Are high Arctic surface microlayers a potential source of aerosol organic precursors?
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Ecology and Evolution, Limnology.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3509-8266
2008 (English)In: Marine Chemistry, ISSN 0304-4203, E-ISSN 1872-7581, Vol. 108, no 1-2, 109-122 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Particulate organic matter, including microorganisms, small water-insoluble particles and microaggregates, can form a substantial part of the summer aerosol over the open leads of the central Arctic Ocean. The increased presence of leads during the summer melt increases the biological activity of the region possibly resulting in accumulation of organic material, especially in the surface microlayer. Preferential microlayer enrichment of particulate and dissolved organic matter and gases might be reflected in derived aerosols. The subsurface seawater and microlayer concentrations were determined for dimethyl sulfide (DMS) and its biogenic precursor dimethylsulfoniopropionate (DMSP), dissolved combined amino acids (DCAA) and individual aminoacids, proteins, chlorophyll a (chl a) and bacterial cells as well as bacterial production. Enrichment factors and surface excess concentrations in the surface microlayer were calculated. Concentrations of particulate and dissolved DMSP, chl a-containing material, and bacterial cells were consistently enriched in arctic lead microlayers at 89°N in August 2001. DMS, protein and DCAA concentrations, however, were not in excess in surface microlayers, although proteins were occasionally enriched. The average mole % DCAA composition was similar in subsurface and microlayer water. Enrichment spikes and excess concentrations followed freezing events and did not co-occur with enhanced bacterial production.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 108, no 1-2, 109-122 p.
Keyword [en]
Ocean surface microlayer, Suspended particulate matter, Dimethyl sulfide, Amino acids, Proteins, Plankton, Arctic Ocean
National Category
Biological Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-107691DOI: 10.1016/j.marchem.2007.11.001ISI: 000252870800009OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-107691DiVA: diva2:232473
Available from: 2009-08-24 Created: 2009-08-24 Last updated: 2017-12-13Bibliographically approved

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Tranvik, L.J.

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