In vitro characterization of bioactive titanium dioxide/hydroxyapatite surfaces functionalized with BMP-2
2009 (English)In: Journal of biomedical materials research. Part B, Applied biomaterials, ISSN 1552-4981, Vol. 91B, no 2, 780-787 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Poor implant fixation and bone resorption are two of the major challenges in modern orthopedics and are caused by poor bone/implant integration. In this work, bioactive crystalline titanium dioxide (TiO(2))/hydroxyapatite (HA) surfaces, functionalized with bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP-2), were evaluated as potential implant coatings for improved osseointegration. The outer layer consisted of HA, which is known to be osteoconductive, and may promote improved initial bone attachment when functionalized with active molecules such as BMP-2 in a soaking process. The inner layer of crystalline TiO(2) is bioactive and ensures long-term fixation of the implant, once the hydroxyapatite has been resorbed. The in vitro response of mesenchymal stem cells on bioactive crystalline TiO(2)/HA surfaces functionalized with BMP-2 was examined and compared with the cell behavior on nonfunctionalized HA layers, crystalline TiO(2) surfaces, and native titanium oxide surfaces. The crystalline TiO(2) and the HA surfaces showed to be more favorable than the native titanium oxide surface in terms of cell viability and cell morphology as well as initial cell differentiation. Furthermore, cell differentiation on BMP-2-functionalized HA surfaces was found to be significantly higher than on the other surfaces indicating that the simple soaking process can be used for incorporating active molecules, promoting fast bone osseointegration to HA layers.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 91B, no 2, 780-787 p.
biomimetic hydroxyapatite, growth factors, BMP-2, anatase titanium dioxide, mesenchymal stem cells, differentiation, viability, morphology
Engineering and Technology
Research subject Engineering Science with specialization in Nanotechnology and Functional Materials
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-108680DOI: 10.1002/jbm.b.31456ISI: 000270868600034PubMedID: 19582842OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-108680DiVA: diva2:240265