uu.seUppsala University Publications
Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
The Puzzle of Gender-Equal Political Participation in Sweden: The Importance of Norms and Mobilization
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.
2009 (English)In: Scandinavian Political Studies, ISSN 0080-6757, E-ISSN 1467-9477, Vol. 32, no 3, 315-336 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Political participation is higher among men than women in most parts of the world. However, earlier research has shown that this does not hold true in Scandinavia, including Sweden, where gender differences are remarkably small. This article studies the causes of the Swedish situation. A conventional hypothesis is formulated based on research from other parts of the world. It assumes that gender-equal participation in Sweden can be explained by the lack of gender differences in certain political resource and motivational factors that are often analyzed. However, this hypothesis is not supported by the data, which instead indicates a female disadvantage with regard to both resources and motivation. Two alternative hypotheses are developed and shown as empirically viable. The first assumes that women more often adhere to norms that emphasize the importance of being politically active, which promotes their participation in politics. The second focuses on collective mobilization based on interests specific to women. In line with this hypothesis, only women are shown to be members of women's organizations and hold more radical opinions on issues related to gender equality and reproduction. These factors have a positive impact on women's participation, and together they explain a noticeable amount of the male advantage with regard to conventional explanatory factors. Therefore they are important contributory causes of gender-equal participation in Sweden, although other factors, not discussed here, also contribute. Quantitative methods are used in the analyses, and the study material is the 1997 Swedish Citizenship Survey.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 32, no 3, 315-336 p.
National Category
Social Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-108700DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-9477.2008.00233.xISI: 000268061400005OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-108700DiVA: diva2:240345
Available from: 2009-09-28 Created: 2009-09-28 Last updated: 2012-07-26Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full text

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Adman, Per
By organisation
Department of GovernmentInstitute for Housing and Urban Research
In the same journal
Scandinavian Political Studies
Social Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Altmetric score

Total: 895 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link