Nutritional supplementation and dietary advice in geriatric patients at risk of malnutrition.
2007 (English)In: Clinical Nutrition, ISSN 0261-5614, E-ISSN 1532-1983, Vol. 26, no 2, 216-224 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
BACKGROUND & AIM: Effects of combined nutritional treatment of patients at risk of protein-energy malnutrition (PEM) discharged from a geriatric service were evaluated. METHODS: Patients (n=108, age 85+/-6 years) at risk of malnutrition according to the short form of the mini nutritional assessment were randomly allocated to dietary counseling, including liquid and multivitamin supplementation, i.e. intervention (I, n=51) and to controls (C, n=57). Body weight, biochemical indices (e.g. insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I)), Katz activities of daily living (ADL) index, mini mental status examination (MMSE) and quality of life (QoL) by SF-36 were assessed at the start of the study and after 4 months. Statistical analyses were performed on "intention-to-treat" and on "treated-as-protocol" bases. RESULTS: Fifty-four patients, 29 in the I-group (86+/-7 years, 66% females) and 25 in the C-group (85+/-7 years, 72% females) completed the study according to the protocol. Both modes of analysis revealed a significant positive effect of the combined nutritional intervention on weight maintenance. Treated-as-protocol analyses showed that Katz ADL index improved in the I-group (p<0.001; p<0.05 between the groups). Serum IGF-I levels increased in the I-group (p<0.001), but were unchanged in the C-group (p=0.07 between the groups). QoL was assessed to be low and had not changed after nutritional treatment. CONCLUSIONS: Combined nutritional intervention prevented weight loss and improved ADL functions in discharged geriatric patients at risk of malnutrition.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 26, no 2, 216-224 p.
Protein-energy malnutrition, Aged, Activities of daily living, Quality of life, Insulin-like growth factor I
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-108944DOI: 10.1016/j.clnu.2006.12.002ISI: 000246333500005PubMedID: 17275141OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-108944DiVA: diva2:241671