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Clinical value of the metabolic syndrome for long term prediction of total and cardiovascular mortality: prospective, population based cohort study
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2247-8454
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Geriatrics.
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2006 (English)In: BMJ. British Medical Journal, E-ISSN 1756-1833, Vol. 332, no 7546, 878-882 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVES: To find out if the presence of the metabolic syndrome increases the risk of subsequent total and cardiovascular mortality, taking into account established risk factors for cardiovascular disease. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: General population. PARTICIPANTS: A community based sample of 2322 men followed since 1970 for a maximum of 32.7 years, investigated at ages 50 and 70. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The relations of the metabolic syndrome defined by the national cholesterol education programme (NCEP) of the US National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute or criteria of the World Health Organization (WHO) to subsequent total and cardiovascular mortality. RESULTS: When adding the metabolic syndrome to models with established risk factors for cardiovascular disease (smoking, diabetes, hypertension, and serum cholesterol) at age 50, presence of the metabolic syndrome as defined in the NCEP significantly predicted total and cardiovascular mortality (Cox proportional hazard ratios 1.36, 95% confidence interval 1.17 to 1.58; and 1.59, 1.29 to 1.95, respectively). The metabolic syndrome added prognostic information to that of the established risk factors for cardiovascular disease (likelihood ratio tests, P < 0.0001 for both outcomes). Similar results were obtained in a subsample without diabetes or manifest cardiovascular disease. CONCLUSIONS: In a large, community based sample of middle aged men, the presence of the metabolic syndrome according to the definition of the NCEP gave long term prognostic information regarding total and cardiovascular mortality if the status of established risk factors for cardiovascular disease was known. If confirmed this may indicate clinical value in diagnosing the metabolic syndrome.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 332, no 7546, 878-882 p.
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Medical and Health Sciences
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URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-109052DOI: 10.1136/bmj.38766.624097.1FISI: 000237132100014PubMedID: 16510492OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-109052DiVA: diva2:246127
Available from: 2009-10-08 Created: 2009-10-08 Last updated: 2017-12-13Bibliographically approved

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Sundstrom, JohanRisérus, UlfByberg, LiisaZethelius, BjörnLind, Lars

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