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F2-isoprostanes in human health and diseases: from molecular mechanisms to clinical implications
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism. (Oxidativ stress och inflammation)
2008 (English)In: Antioxidants and Redox Signaling, ISSN 1523-0864, E-ISSN 1557-7716, Vol. 10, no 8, 1405-1434 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Oxidative stress is implicated as one of the major underlying mechanisms behind many acute and chronic diseases, and involved in normal aging. However, the measurement of free radicals or their end products is complicated. Thus, proof of association of free radicals in pathologic conditions has been absent. Isoprostanes are prostaglandin-like bioactive compounds that are biosynthesized in vivo independent of cyclooxygenases, principally through free-radical catalyzation of arachidonic acid. Isoprostanes are now considered to be reliable biomarkers of oxidative stress, as evidenced by an autonomous study organized recently by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) in the United States. A number of these compounds have potent biologic activities such as vasoconstrictive and certain inflammatory properties. Isoprostanes are involved in many human diseases. Additionally, elevated levels of F2-isoprostanes have been seen in normal human pregnancy and after intake of some fatty acids, but their physiologic assignments have not yet been distinctive. This evidence indicates that measurement of bioactive F2-isoprostanes in body fluids offers a unique noninvasive analytic utensil to study the role of free radicals in physiology, oxidative stress–related diseases, experimental acute or chronic inflammatory conditions, and also in the assessment of various antioxidants, radical scavengers, and drugs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Mary Ann Liebert , 2008. Vol. 10, no 8, 1405-1434 p.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-109061DOI: 10.1089/ars.2007.1956ISI: 000256624100004PubMedID: 18522490OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-109061DiVA: diva2:248762
Available from: 2009-10-09 Created: 2009-10-09 Last updated: 2011-01-13Bibliographically approved

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