Allelic combinations of promoter and exon 2 in DQB1 in dogs and wolves
2008 (English)In: Journal of Molecular Evolution, ISSN 0022-2844, Vol. 67, no 1, 76-84 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Polymorphism of PBRs of the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) genes is well recognized, but the polymorphism also extends to proximal promoter regions. Examining DQB1 variability in dogs and wolves, we identified 7 promoter variants and 13 exon 2 alleles among 89 dogs, including a previously unknown DQB1 exon 2 allele, and 8 promoter variants and 9 exon 2 alleles among 85 wolves. As expected from previous studies and from a close chromosomal location, strong linkage disequilibrium was demonstrated in both wolves and dogs by having significantly fewer promoter/exon 2 combinations than expected from simulations of randomized data sets. Interestingly, we noticed weaker haplotypic associations in dogs than in wolves. Dogs had twice as many promoter/exon 2 combinations as wolves and an almost 2-fold difference in the number of exon 2 alleles per promoter variant. This difference was not caused by an admixture of breeds in our group of dogs because the high ratio of observed to expected number of haplotypes persisted within a single dog breed, the German Shepherd. Ewens-Watterson tests indicated that both the promoter and exon 2 are under the balancing selection, and both regions appear to be more recently derived in the dog than in the wolf. Hence, although reasons for the differences are unknown, they may relate to altered selection pressure on patterns of expression. Deviations from normal MHC expression patterns have been associated with autoimmune diseases, which occur frequently in several dog breeds. Further knowledge about these deviations may help us understand the source of such diseases.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 67, no 1, 76-84 p.
dog, DLA, DQB1, MHC, promoter, linkage disequilibrium, wolf
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-109175DOI: 10.1007/s00239-008-9126-0ISI: 000258088000008OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-109175DiVA: diva2:249059