Philosophical challenges for neuroethics
2008 (English)In: European Neuropsychopharmacology, ISSN 0924-977X, E-ISSN 1873-7862, Vol. 18, no Suppl. 4, S202-S202 p.Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Neuroethics is an area concerned with the possible benefitsand dangers of modern research on the brain. Researchers inneuroethics have focused mainly on applied neuroethics, suchas ethical issues involved in neuroimaging techniques, cognitiveenhancement, or neuropharmacology (Illes 2006). Another important,less prevalent, scientific approach is fundamental neuroethics:how knowledge of the brain’s functional architecture and itsevolution can deepen our understanding of identity, consciousnessand intentionality, including the development of moral thoughtand judgment (Evers 2008). The relevance of neuroscience tounderstanding moral judgment depends on the theoretical viewthat is taken on the brain. A modern, dynamic view of thebrain may provide a fruitful theoretical framework for neuroethicsthrough its high explanatory value in regard to the evolution andnature of moral judgment under the aspects of subjective evaluation,free will and personal or public responsibility (Evers 2007).Informed materialism is a model based on the notion that all theelementary cellular processes of brain networks are grounded onphysico-chemical mechanisms and adopts an evolutionary viewof consciousness as a biological function of neuronal activities,but describes the brain as an autonomously active, projective andvariable system in which emotions and values are incorporated asnecessary constraints. Dynamic processes of evaluation and theemotional systems involved in their genesis are basic properties ofour brains: we are neurobiologically predisposed to develop thesecomplex and diverse systems of moral and other values enablingus to establish appropriate relationships in our social, cultural andphysical environments.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 18, no Suppl. 4, S202-S202 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-109688DOI: 10.1016/S0924-977X(08)70234-7ISI: 000259593800125OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-109688DiVA: diva2:273456