Endothelial cell signalling supports pancreatic beta cellfunction in the rat
2009 (English)In: Diabetologia, ISSN 0012-186X, E-ISSN 1432-0428, Vol. 52, no 11, 2385-2394 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Aims/hypothesis The proximity of endothelial cells andbeta cells in islets by necessity means that they are exposedto each other’s products. Whereas islet endothelial cellsrequire signals from beta cells to function properly,endothelin-1, thrombospondin-1 and laminins, amongothers, have been identified as endothelial-derived molecules,although their full effects on beta cells have not beenexplored. We tested the hypothesis that islet endothelialderivedproducts affect beta cell function.Methods Endothelial cells from rat islets were proliferatedand purified. Endothelium-conditioned culture medium(ECCM) was obtained by maintaining the endothelial cellsin culture medium. Islet function was evaluated followingexposure of cultured islets to standard culture medium orECCM. Changes in mRNA levels for key beta cellmetabolic enzymes were also measured in islets afterECCM exposure.Results Glucose-stimulated insulin release and islet insulincontent were markedly enhanced by exposure to ECCM.This was at least partly explained by improved mitochondrialfunction, as assessed by glucose oxidation and anupregulation of the mitochondrial gene for glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (mGpdh [also known as Gpd2]),combined with upregulation of the rate-limiting enzyme inthe glycolysis, glucokinase, in the islets. The intracellulardegradation of insulin was also decreased in the islets. Isletendothelial cells produced laminins, and the positive effectsof islet endothelial cells were prevented by addition of aneutralising antibody to the β1-chain of laminin. Additionof exogenous laminin stimulated islet function.Conclusions/interpretation This study provides proof ofprinciple that endothelial cells can affect the function of betacells in their vicinity and that this is at least partially mediatedby laminins.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 52, no 11, 2385-2394 p.
Endothelial cells, Beta cells, Laminin
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-109712DOI: 10.1007/s00125-009-1485-6ISI: 000270650600018PubMedID: 19669728OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-109712DiVA: diva2:273611