Depression and posttraumatic stress disorder after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage in relation to lifetime psychiatric morbidity
2011 (English)In: British Journal of Neurosurgery, ISSN 0268-8697, E-ISSN 1360-046X, Vol. 25, no 6, 693-700 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Introduction. Little is known about the roles that lifetime psychiatric disorders play in psychiatric and vocational outcomes of aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH). Materials and methods. Eighty-three SAH patients without apparent cognitive dysfunction were assessed using the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV axis I disorders (SCID-I) after their SAH. Diagnoses were assessed for three time periods, 'lifetime before SAH', '12 months before SAH' and '7 months after SAH'. Results. Forty-five percentage of patients with SAH reported at least one lifetime psychiatric disorder. After SAH, symptoms of depression and/or post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) were seen in 41%, more often in those with a psychiatric history prior to SAH (p = 0.001). In logistic regressions, depression after SAH was associated with a lifetime history of major depression, or of anxiety or substance use disorder, as well as with lifetime psychiatric comorbidity. Subsyndromal or full PTSD was predicted by a lifetime history of major depression. After the SAH, 18 patients (22%) had received psychotropic medication and/or psychological treatment, 13 of whom had a disorder. Those with a lifetime history of major depression or treatment with antidepressants before SAH had lower return to work rates than others (p = 0.019 and p = 0.031, respectively). This was also true for those with symptoms of depression and/or PTSD, or with antidepressant treatment after SAH (p = 0.001 and p = 0.031, respectively). Conclusions. Depression and PTSD are present in a substantial proportion of patients 7 months after SAH. Those with a history of psychiatric morbidity, any time before the SAH, are more at risk and also constitute a risk group for difficulties in returning to work.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 25, no 6, 693-700 p.
Subarachnoid haemorrhage, mental disorders, depression, stress disorders, post-traumatic
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-109759DOI: 10.3109/02688697.2011.578769ISI: 000297337800007OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-109759DiVA: diva2:273897