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Social status and shaming experiences related to adolescent overt aggression at school
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm , Centre for Clinical Research, County of Västmanland.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm , Centre for Clinical Research, County of Västmanland.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm , Centre for Clinical Research, County of Västmanland.
2009 (English)In: Aggressive Behavior, ISSN 0096-140X, E-ISSN 1098-2337, Vol. 35, no 1, 1-13 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Feelings of rejection and humiliation in interpersonal interaction are strongly related to aggressive behavior. The aim of the present study was to investigate the association between social status, shaming experiences, gender and adolescent aggressive behavior by using a status-shaming model. A population-based sample of 5396 adolescents aged from 15 to 18 completed a questionnaire which asked questions regarding psychosocial background, shaming experiences, social status of family, peer group and school, and involvement in physical or verbal aggression at school.

Shaming experiences, i.e. being ridiculed or humiliated by others, were strongly related to aggressive behavior. Social status and shaming were related in the prediction of aggressive behavior, suggesting that a person’s social status may influence the risk for taking aggressive action when subjected to shaming experiences. Medium social status seemed to have a protective function in the association between shaming experiences and aggression. The study confirms the importance of further evaluation of the role of perceived social status and shaming experiences in the understanding of aggressive behavior. Moreover, the results indicate the need for different kinds of status measures when investigating associations between status and behavior in adolescent populations. The results may have important implications for the prevention of bullying at school as well as other deviant aggressive behavior among adolescents.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 35, no 1, 1-13 p.
Keyword [en]
physical and verbal aggression, social status, shame, adolescence, gender differences
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Research subject
Child and Youth Psychiatry; Sociology; Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-109846DOI: 10.1002/ab.20286ISI: 000261934600001PubMedID: 18925634OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-109846DiVA: diva2:274217
Available from: 2009-10-27 Created: 2009-10-27 Last updated: 2010-12-30Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Depression and Antisocial Behaviour in Adolescents: Influence of Social Status, Shaming, and Gene-Environment Interaction
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Depression and Antisocial Behaviour in Adolescents: Influence of Social Status, Shaming, and Gene-Environment Interaction
2009 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis investigated (1) social status and shaming experiences in relation to aggressive behaviour and depression, and (2) gene-environment interactions between two genetic polymorphisms related to the serotonergic system – MAOA-VNTR and 5HTTLPR – and experiences of maltreatment in relation to delinquent behaviour and depression among adolescents.

The four included studies are based on questionnaire data from the Survey of Adolescent Life in Vestmanland 2006 (SALVe-2006). A total of 5396 students in 9th (15-16 years old) grade of elementary school and 2nd (17-18 years old) grade of high school comprised the target population. The students in 2nd grade of high school also provided a saliva sample for gene extraction.

There were strong associations between shaming experiences and both aggressive behaviour and depression. In addition, individuals who reported many shaming experiences and had either low or high social status had increased risks of physical aggression or depression, whereas medium social status seemed to have a protective effect.

Gene-environment interactions were found between experiences of maltreatment and the MAOA-VNTR in relation to delinquent behaviour. Moreover, the direction of the gene-environment interaction differed depending on sex: boys with the short (S) variant of the MAOA-VNTR, in contrast to girls with the long (LL) variant, had the highest risk of delinquency in combination with maltreatment.

Gene-environment interactions were also found between experiences of maltreatment and the 5HTTLPR in relation to depression among girls. The girls that were homozygous for the S allele (SS) had the highest risk of depression in combination with maltreatment. Among boys however, no gene-environment interaction was found between the 5HTTLPR and maltreatment in relation to depression.

In conclusion, it is important to consider both genetic effects, and psychosocial factors such as social status, shaming experiences, and experiences of maltreatment when investigating different aspects of health and behaviour among adolescents.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2009. 100 p.
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Medicine, ISSN 1651-6206 ; 494
Keyword
adolescent, antisocial behaviour, depression, gene-environment interaction, maltreatment, monoamine oxidase, serotonin, shame, social status
National Category
Psychiatry
Research subject
Child and Youth Psychiatry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-109851 (URN)978-91-554-7649-6 (ISBN)
Public defence
2009-12-10, Samlingssalen Psykiatricentrum, Ing 29, Centrallasarettet, Västerås, 13:15 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2009-12-01 Created: 2009-10-27 Last updated: 2009-12-01Bibliographically approved

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