Subjective social status and shaming experiences in relation to adolescent depression
2009 (English)In: Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, ISSN 1072-4710, Vol. 163, no 1, 55-60 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Objective: To investigate associations between social status, shaming experiences and adolescent depression by the use of a status-shaming model.
Design: Population-based self-report cohort study.
Setting: Västmanland, Sweden.
Participants: A cohort of 5396 students in grade nine (15-16 years old) and second year of high school (17-18 years old).
Intervention: Participants completed the anonymous questionnaire Survey of Adolescent Life in Vestmanland - 2006 (SALVe 2006) during class hours.
Outcome Measures: We investigated prevalence of depression according to DSRS (DSM IV, A-criterion), in relation to subjective social status, shaming experiences, and social background factors. Social status was measured in two ways - attributed status of a family’s socioeconomic and social standing, and acquired status of peer group and school. Binary logistic regressions were used for the analyses.
Results: Shaming experiences and low social status interacted in relation to depression. If shaming experiences were present, participants with both high and low attributed status showed an elevated risk for depression (OR 5.4-6.9), whereas medium status seemed to have a protective function. For acquired status, the highest elevated risk was found among participants with low status (OR 6.7-8.6).
Conclusions: It is possible that a person’s social status may influence the risk for depression when subjected to shaming experiences. The study contributes to the mapping of the influence of social status on health, and may have essential implications in the understanding, prevention and treatment of adolescent depression.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 163, no 1, 55-60 p.
social status, shame, adolescence, depression
Medical and Health Sciences
Research subject Child and Youth Psychiatry; Sociology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-109847DOI: 10.1001/archpedi.163.1.55ISI: 000262179000009PubMedID: 19124704OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-109847DiVA: diva2:274224