Sub-National Determinants of Non-State Conflicts in Nigeria, 1991-2006
2009 (English)Conference paper (Other academic)
Existing literature on non-state conﬂict tends to either focus on issues of resource scarcity or on ethnic/religious divisions. Largely overlooked in the empirical literature is the issue of how governance inﬂuences the risk that non-state actors take up arms against each other. This paper addresses this issue by examining the occurrence of non-state armed conﬂicts in Nigeria, claiming more than 7000 lives between 1991 and 2006. I suggest that at the macro level, the governments strategy of replacing conventional state capacity with a centralized patronage sys- tem, based on purchasing political restraint, explains the proliferation of inter-group violence. Based on the interpretation of non-state conﬂicts as an expression of institutionalized rent- seeking, I derive testable hypotheses regarding where within a country such conﬂicts are most likely to occur. Utilizing GIS software and new, unique event based data at the sub-national level in Nigeria, the paper explores local determinants of non-state conﬂicts. The results lend some support to the notion that non-state actors ﬁght both over wealth and over the political access that secure access to such wealth.
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IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-109959OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-109959DiVA: diva2:274841
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