Grafted neural progenitors migrate and form neurons after experimental traumatic brain injury
2009 (English)In: Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience, ISSN 0922-6028, Vol. 27, no 4, 323-334 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Neural stem and progenitor cells (NSPC) generate neurons and glia, a feature that makes them attractive for cell replacement therapies. However, efforts to transplant neural progenitors in animal models of brain injury typically result in high cell mortality and poor neuronal differentiation.
In an attempt to improve the outcome for grafted NSPC after controlled cortical impact we transplanted Enhanced Green Fluorescent Protein (EGFP)-positive NSPC into the contra lateral ventricle of mice one week after injury.
Grafted EGFP-NSPC readily migrated to the injured hemisphere where we analyzed the proportion of progenitors and differentiated progeny at different time points. Transplantation directly into the injured parenchyma, resulted in few brains with detectable EGFP-NSPC. On the contrary, in more than 90% of the mice that received a transplant into the lateral ventricle detectable EGFP-positive cells were found. The cells were integrated into the lateral ventricle wall of the un-injured hemisphere, throughout the corpus callosum, and in the cortical perilesional area. At one-week post transplantation, grafted cells that had migrated to the perilesion area mainly expressed markers of neural progenitors and neurons, while in the corpus callosum and the ventricular lining, grafted cells with a glial fate were more abundant. After 3 months, grafted cells in the perilesion area were less abundant whereas cells that had migrated to the walls of the third- and lateral- ventricle of the injured hemisphere were still detectable, suggesting that the injury site remained a hostile environment.
Transplantation to the lateral ventricle, presumably for being a neurogenic region, provides a favorable environment improving the outcome for grafted NSPC both in term of their appearance at the cortical site of injury, and their acquisition of neural markers.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Amsterdam: IOS Press , 2009. Vol. 27, no 4, 323-334 p.
TBI, EGFP transgenic mice, transplantation, migration, regeneration, neural stem cells, CNS
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-110090DOI: 10.3233/RNN-2009-0481ISI: 000269629700007PubMedID: 19738325OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-110090DiVA: diva2:275182