Environmental Security and Peace Building Projects: Necessary trade off for bringing peace or grossly negligent?
2009 (English)In: Annual Conference of the Swedish Network of Peace, Conflict and Development Research, “Development and Security Nexus” Stockholm 6-7 November 2009, 2009Conference paper (Other academic)
Several studies show that environmental stress is one main catalyst that creates societal insecurities that ends up in conflict. International peacekeeping operations react to conflicts and address the societal insecurity in the conflict and post-conflict situation. But environmental stress increasing directly and indirectly during the peace building will lead to environmental insecurity creating new casus belli. Thus, it is important to ask: do peace operations have the capacity to address and provide environmental security as well as they offer societal security?
Taking the case of Kosovo the paper illustrates how the efforts of a complex peace building operation that aims to provide societal security leads to an increasing environmental stress. Direct effects are development induced displacement and pollution caused e.g. by the extensive open cast mining for lignite. The paper argues that environmental and societal security needs have to be addressed simultaneously to reduce the danger of reoccurring conflicts.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Environment, Security, Peacebuilding, Kosovo, sustainable development
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject Peace and Conflict Research
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-110281OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-110281DiVA: diva2:276018