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Mg substitution effect on the hydrogenation behaviour, thermodynamic and structural properties of the La2Ni7-H(D)(2) system
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2008 (English)In: Journal of Solid State Chemistry, ISSN 0022-4596, Vol. 181, no 4, 812-821 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The present work is focused on studies of the influence of magnesium on the hydrogenation behaviour of the (La,Mg)(2)Ni-7 alloys. Substitution of La in La2Ni7 by Mg to form La1.5Mg0.5Ni7 preserves the initial Ce2Ni7 type of the hexagonal P6(3)/mmc structure and leads to contraction of the unit cell. The system La1.5Mg0.5Ni7-H2 (D-2) was studied using in situ synchrotron X-ray and neutron powder diffraction in H-2/D-2 gas and pressure-composition-temperature measurements. La replacement by Mg was found to proceed in an ordered way, only within the Laves-type parts of the hybrid crystal structure, yielding formation of LaMgNi4 slabs with statistic and equal occupation of one site by La and Mg atoms. Mg alters structural features of the hydrogenation process. Instead of a strong unilateral anisotropic expansion which takes place on hydrogenation of La2Ni7, the unit cell of La1.5Mg0.5Ni7D9.1 is formed by nearly equal hydrogen-induced expansions proceeding in the basal plane (Delta a/a = 7.37%) and along [001] (Delta c/c = 9.67%). In contrast with La2Ni7D6.5 where only LaNi2 layers absorb hydrogen atoms, in La1.5Mg0.5Ni7D9.1 both LaNi5 and LaMgNi4 layers become occupied. Nine types of sites were found to be filled by D in total, including tetrahedral (La,Mg)(2)Ni-2, (La,Mg)Ni-3, Ni-4, tetragonal pyramidal La2Ni3 and trigonal bipyramidal (La,Mg)(3)Ni-2 interstices. The hydrogen sublattice around the La/Mg site shows formation of two co-ordination spheres of D atoms: an octahedron MgD6 and a 16-vertex polyhedron LaD16 around La. The interatomic distances are in the following ranges: La-D (2.28-2.71), Mg-D (2.02-2.08), Ni-D (1.48-1.86 angstrom). All D-D distances exceed 1.9 angstrom. Thermodynamic PCT studies yielded the following values for the Delta H and Delta S of hydrogenation/decomposition; Delta H-H = -15.7 +/- 0.9 kJ (mol(H))(-1) and Delta S-H = -46.0 +/- 3.7 J (K mol(H))(-1) for H-2 absorption, and Delta H-H = 16.8 +/- 0.4 kJ (mol(H))(-1) and Delta S-H = 48.1 +/- 1.5 J (K mol(H))(-1) for H-2 desorption.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 181, no 4, 812-821 p.
Keyword [en]
metal hydrides, crystal structure and symmetry, neutron diffraction, pressure-composition-temperature relationships
National Category
Physical Chemistry
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-110426DOI: 10.1016/j.jssc.2007.12.041ISI: 000254962800018OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-110426DiVA: diva2:277168
Available from: 2009-11-16 Created: 2009-11-16 Last updated: 2009-11-16

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