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Simulations of the energy performance of smart windows based on user presence using a simplified balance temperature approach
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Physics.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Physics.
(English)In: Energy and Buildings, ISSN 0378-7788, E-ISSN 1872-6178Article in journal (Other academic) Submitted
Abstract [en]

In this paper a simulation tool for simulating and comparing windows have been further developed so that the software also can simulate smart windows with the ability to vary the g-value or the solar heat gain coefficient. The g-value can be controlled using different control strategies, which can be based on time control, user control and different types of daylight control. The software is basically a simulation tool to calculate the energy for heating and cooling caused by the windows as a building component. Due to the simplicity of the program, it is suitable as a tool for selecting the right type of window for a certain building. Six different control strategies have been developed to show different approaches for controlling smart windows. Some results are shown as examples of how the new functionality is working. This new functionality of the software makes it easy to compare smart windows between themselves and also to make fair comparisons with static windows.

National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Engineering Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-110700OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-110700DiVA: diva2:278004
Available from: 2009-11-23 Created: 2009-11-23 Last updated: 2017-12-12Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Optical Characterization and Energy Simulation of Glazing for High-Performance Windows
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Optical Characterization and Energy Simulation of Glazing for High-Performance Windows
2009 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Alternative title[sv]
Optisk karakterisering och energisimulering av smarta fönster
Abstract [en]

This thesis focuses on one important component of the energy system - the window. Windows are installed in buildings mainly to create visual contact with the surroundings and to let in daylight, and should also be heat and sound insulating. This thesis covers four important aspects of windows: antireflection and switchable coatings, energy simulations and optical measurements.

Energy simulations have been used to compare different windows and also to estimate the performance of smart or switchable windows, whose transmittance can be regulated. The results from this thesis show the potential of the emerging technology of smart windows, not only from a daylight and an energy perspective, but also for comfort and well-being. The importance of a well functioning control system for such windows, is pointed out.

To fulfill all requirements of modern windows, they often have two or more panes. Each glass surface leads to reflection of light and therefore less daylight is transmitted. It is therefore of interest to find ways to increase the transmittance. In this thesis antireflection coatings, similar to those found on eye-glasses and LCD screens, have been investigated. For large area applications such as windows, it is necessary to use techniques which can easily be adapted to large scale manufacturing at low cost. Such a technique is dip-coating in a sol-gel of porous silica. Antireflection coatings have been deposited on glass and plastic materials to study both visual and energy performance and it has been shown that antireflection coatings increase the transmittance of windows without negatively affecting the thermal insulation and the energy efficiency.

Optical measurements are important for quantifying product properties for comparisons and evaluations. It is important that new measurement routines are simple and applicable to standard commercial instruments. Different systematic error sources for optical measurements of patterned light diffusing samples using spectrophotometers with integrating spheres have been investigated and some suggestions are made for how to avoid such errors.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2009. 77 p.
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1651-6214 ; 692
Keyword
energy simulations, antireflection coatings, dip-coating, optical measurements, spectrophotometer, integrating spheres, low-e windows, solar control windows, smart windows, control strategies, U value, g-value
National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies
Research subject
Engineering Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-110716 (URN)978-91-554-7667-0 (ISBN)
Public defence
2010-01-08, Polhemssalen, Ångström Laboratory, Uppsala University, 10:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2009-12-17 Created: 2009-11-23 Last updated: 2009-12-17Bibliographically approved

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Andreas, JonssonRoos, Arne

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