Evaluation of control strategies for different smart window combinations using computer simulations
2010 (English)In: Solar Energy, ISSN 0038-092X, Vol. 84, no 1, 1-9 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Several studies have shown that the use of switchable windows could lower the energy consumption of buildings. Since the main function of windows is to provide daylight and visual contact with the external world, high visible transmittance is needed. From an energy perspective it is always best to have the windows in their low-transparent state whenever there are cooling needs, but this is generally not preferable from a daylight and visual contact point of view. Therefore a control system, which can be based on user presence, is needed in connection with switchable windows. In this study the heating and cooling needs of the building, using different control mechanisms were evaluated. This was done for different locations and for different combinations of switchable windows, using electrochromic glazing in combination with either low-e or solar control glazing. Four control mechanisms were investigated; one that only optimizes the window to lower the need for heating and cooling, one that assumes that the office is in use during the daytime, one based on user presence and one limiting the perpendicular component of the incident solar irradiation to avoid glare and too strong daylight. The control mechanisms were compared using computer simulations. A simplified approach based on the balance temperature concept was used instead of performing complete building simulations. The results show that an occupancy-based control system is clearly beneficial and also that the best way to combine the panes in the switchable window differs depending on the balance temperature of the building and on the climate. It is also shown that it can be beneficial to have different window combinations for different orientations.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 84, no 1, 1-9 p.
smart windows, energy simulations, control strategies, user presence, solar energy, building simulations
Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified
Research subject Engineering Science with specialization in Solid State Physics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-110699DOI: 10.1016/j.solener.2009.10.021ISI: 000274082400001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-110699DiVA: diva2:278011