Local AdCD40L gene therapy is effective for disseminated murine experimental cancer by breaking T-cell tolerance and inducing tumor cell growth inhibition
2009 (English)In: Journal of immunotherapy (1997), ISSN 1524-9557, E-ISSN 1537-4513, Vol. 32, no 8, 785-792 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
CD40 ligand (CD40L) is one of the most potent stimulators of Th1-type immunity through its maturation of dendritic cells that, in turn, stimulate effector cells such as T cells and NK cells. Lately, CD40-mediated cell growth inhibition and apoptosis have been in focus for the development of novel cancer treatment regiments, including recombinant soluble CD40L or CD40-stimulating antibodies. In this study, intravesical CD40L gene transfer through adenoviral vectors (AdCD40L) was used to treat an aggressive model of disseminated bladder cancer (MB49/C57BL/6). Three weekly AdCD40L vector instillations increased overall survival of tumor-bearing mice (mean 18.5 d, control mice 13 d). Furthermore, bladder tumors were eradicated (2 of 10) simultaneously as lung metastases (6 of 10) were cleared. FoxP3 levels were similar in the tumors of AdCD40L-treated mice and control mice but the tumor-infiltrating effector T cells in AdCD40L-treated mice were cytotoxic (CD107a+) in contrast to those in control-treated tumors. Furthermore, AdCD40L gene therapy could induce cell growth inhibition and cell death in the MB49 tumor cells in vitro and in vivo. However, this effect was not Potent enough to cure growing tumors in immunodeficient mice. In conclusion, AdCD40L gene therapy is potent for disseminated cancer both by activation of T cells and controlling tumor cell growth and viability.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 32, no 8, 785-792 p.
CD40L, immunotherapy, gene therapy, apoptosis, CD107a, FoxP3
Medical and Health Sciences
Research subject Clinical Immunology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-110784ISI: 000270321100002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-110784DiVA: diva2:278338