Adenovirus delivery of human CD40 ligand gene confers direct therapeutic effects on carcinomas
2009 (English)In: Cancer Gene Therapy, ISSN 0929-1903, E-ISSN 1476-5500, Vol. 16, no 11, 848-860 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
CD40, a tumor necrosis factor receptor family member, is an emerging target for cancer therapy being best appreciated as an important regulator of the anti-tumor immune response. In this study, we report the development of a replication-defective recombinant adenovirus (RAd) vector expressing human CD40 ligand (RAd-hCD40L) and show that sustained engagement of the CD40 pathway in malignant cells results in direct anti-proliferative and pro-apoptotic effects. Thus, transduction of CD40-positive bladder, cervical and ovarian carcinoma cell lines with RAd-hCD40L potently inhibits their proliferation in vitro, whereas CD40-negative lines remain unresponsive. RAd-hCD40L is also found to be superior to recombinant CD40L in inducing carcinoma cell death and in amplifying the cytotoxic effects of the chemotherapeutic agents 5-fluorouracil, cis-platin and mitomycin C. Soluble CD40L is produced by RAd-hCD40L transduced carcinoma cells but unlike other soluble tumor necrosis factor family ligands, it does not interfere with the death-promoting activity of its membrane-bound form. In a mouse xenograft tumor model bearing a human bladder carcinoma, intratumoral delivery of RAd-hCD40L suppresses cancer growth. These findings highlight the potential of exploiting the CD40 pathway in carcinomas using CD40L gene transfer alone or in combination with other modalities for cancer therapy. Our results have also broader implications in understanding the multifaceted anti-tumor activities of the CD40 pathway in carcinomas, which thus offer an attractive option for future clinical application.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 16, no 11, 848-860 p.
CD40, CD154, gene therapy, carcinoma, apoptosis, adenovirus
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-110785DOI: 10.1038/cgt.2009.31ISI: 000270956100006OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-110785DiVA: diva2:278339