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Watersheds as a Method for Reconstructing Regions and Territories in GIS
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Archaeology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6091-3966
2007 (English)In: Digital Discovery. Exploring New Frontiers in Human Heritage: CAA 2006 Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods in Archaeology. Proceedings of the 34th Conference, Fargo, United States, April 2006. / [ed] Jeffrey T. Clark & Emily M. Hagemeister, Budapest: Archaeolingua , 2007, 143-149 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In this paper a method for reconstructing territories through the calculation of watersheds from the topography is put forward. Watershed could, in some cases, work as a natural uniting factor for a region, e.g., connecting a region through a system of rivers used for communications,as a unit for land management, or as an otherwise uniting element. This method provides an opportunity to analyze territories and regions that, although often difficult to distinguish in the archaeological material, are crucially important for the understanding of past societies. This article illustrates the use of watershed analyses in relation to territorial units through examples from the province of Västmanland in central Sweden, and Hawaii, but the method could be applied to any geographical area.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Budapest: Archaeolingua , 2007. 143-149 p.
National Category
Archaeology
Research subject
Archaeology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-110993ISBN: 978-963-8046-90-1 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-110993DiVA: diva2:279098
Conference
Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods in Archaeology
Available from: 2009-12-01 Created: 2009-12-01 Last updated: 2016-10-04Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Excavating the Digital Landscape: GIS analyses of social relations in central Sweden in the 1st millennium AD
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Excavating the Digital Landscape: GIS analyses of social relations in central Sweden in the 1st millennium AD
2010 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis presents a number of GIS based landscape analyses that together aim to explore aspects of the social development in Iron Age Västmanland, central Sweden. From a perspective where nature and culture are seen as integrated in the landscape, differences in the relations to the physical landscape are interpreted as reflecting social organisation. Thus, hydrological modelling of watersheds is used for understanding the development of territories and regions that are recognisable in the outlay of the medieval hundare districts. Statistical modelling of burial grounds together with variables describing their situation in the landscape is used to calculate an estimated chronology for sites that have not yet been excavated. This information is used to analyse differences in how the setting in the landscape can tell of different trends in claims to land and property rights. An extensive renegotiation of property rights is suggested to have taken place after climatic catastrophe in AD 536 and the years after. This is interpreted as having caused a substantial population decline in parts of Scandinavia. The social development after this includes an increasingly stratified social hierarchy in the Late Iron Age, which is reflected in the construction of grave monuments. New GIS methods for analysing how to interpret the perception of different locations of the landscape, in terms of local topography and soil are discussed in relation to this.

 

How to make the best use of large datasets of archaeological information in combination with other sources of geographical information is a central theme. Geographically Weighted Regression is used to predicting the representativity of the registry of graves for the whole landscape. It is suggested that the increasing availability of archaeological information in digital format, together with new analytical techniques has the potential to introduce fruitful new research perspectives. This will make it increasingly rewarding to work with the large amount of data produced from rescue archaeology, and it is important that this information is managed in a structured manner.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Arkeologiska institutionen, 2010. xii+23 p.
Series
Aun, ISSN 0284-1347 ; 42
Keyword
landscape archaeology, GIS, Iron Age, Västmanland, burial grounds, Vendel Period, Viking Age, territorial organisation, watersheds, statistical analysis, chronology, discriminant analysis, GWR, spatial analysis, perception, topography, AD 536, Fimbulvinter, property rights, crisis, historical ecology.
National Category
Archaeology
Research subject
Archaeology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-111393 (URN)978-91-506-2121-1 (ISBN)
Public defence
2010-01-29, Geijersalen, Centre for the Humanities, English Park Campus, Uppsala, 13:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note
Appendices see http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-111310Available from: 2010-01-08 Created: 2009-12-14 Last updated: 2016-10-04Bibliographically approved

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Löwenborg, Daniel

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