Rapamycin shows anticancer activity in primary chronic lymphocytic leukemia cells in vitro, as single agent and in drug combination
2008 (English)In: Leukemia and Lymphoma, ISSN 1042-8194, E-ISSN 1029-2403, Vol. 49, no 12, 2333-2343 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitor rapamycin and its analogues show promising anticancer activity in various experimental tumor models and are presently evaluated in clinical trials. We, here, evaluated the in vitro activity of rapamycin with regard to tumor-type specificity and possible mechanisms of drug resistance in 97 tumor cell samples from patients and in a resistance-based cell line panel, using the fluorometric microculture cytotoxicity assay. Rapamycin was dose-dependently cytotoxic in patient tumor cells and in cell lines. In primary cells, rapamycin was more active in hematological than in solid tumor samples, with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and acute lymphocytic leukemia being the most sensitive tumor types. Considerable inter-individual differences in sensitivity were apparent among CLL samples, but no difference was observed between IGHV mutated and unmutated CLL samples, whereas a tendency to lower rapamycin sensitivity was indicated for samples displaying poor-prognostic genomic markers. Combination experiments in CLL cells indicated that rapamycin acted synergistically with vincristine, cisplatin, chlorambucil and taxotere. These results and the clinically-experienced good tolerance to rapamycin analogues encourage clinical studies of rapamycin in CLL treatment as single agent but also in combination with, e.g., vincristine and chlorambucil.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 49, no 12, 2333-2343 p.
mTOR inhibitor, rapamycin, cytotoxicity, primary tumor samples, chronic lymphocytic leukemia, synergistic activity
Medical and Health Sciences Engineering and Technology
Research subject Signal Processing
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-111058DOI: 10.1080/10428190802475295ISI: 000261734200019PubMedID: 19052982OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-111058DiVA: diva2:279253