Late pleistocene glacial history of Jameson Land peninsula, central East Greenland derived from cosmogenic Be-10 and Al-26 exposure dating
2009 (English)In: Boreas, ISSN 0300-9483, E-ISSN 1502-3885, Vol. 38, no 2, 244-260 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Previous work has presented contrasting views of the last glaciation on Jameson Land, central East Greenland, and still there is debate about whether the area was: (i) ice-free, (ii) covered with a local non-erosive ice cap(s), or (iii) overridden by the Greenland Ice Sheet during the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM). Here, we use cosmogenic exposure ages from erratics to reconcile these contrasting views. A total of 43 erratics resting on weathered sandstone and on sediment-covered surfaces were sampled from four areas on interior Jameson Land; they give Be-10 ages between 10.9 and 269.1 kyr. Eight erratics on weathered sandstone and till-covered surfaces cluster around similar to 70 kyr, whereas Be-10 ages from erratics on glaciofluvial landforms are substantially younger and range between 10.9 and 47.2 kyr. Deflation is thought to be an important process on the sediment-covered surfaces and the youngest exposure ages are suggested to result from exhumation. The older (> 70 kyr) samples have discordant Al-26 and Be-10 data and are interpreted to have been deposited by the Greenland Ice Sheet several glacial cycles ago. The younger exposure ages (<= 70 kyr) are interpreted to represent deposition by the ice sheet during the Late Saalian and by an advance from the local Liverpool Land ice cap in the Early Weichselian. The exposure ages younger than Saalian are explained by periods of shielding by non-erosive ice during the Weichselian glaciation. Our work supports previous studies in that the Saalian Ice Sheet advance was the last to deposit thick sediment sequences and western erratics on interior Jameson Land. However, instead of Jameson Land being ice-free throughout the Weichselian, we document that local ice with limited erosion potential covered and shielded large areas for substantial periods of the last glacial cycle.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 38, no 2, 244-260 p.
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-111095DOI: 10.1111/j.1502-3885.2008.00064.xISI: 000264563700005OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-111095DiVA: diva2:279380