Self-Efficacy Predicts Future Oral Hygiene Self-care Behavior
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
When oral health interventions for behavior change are evaluated psychological outcomes ought to be included. The study evaluate the effects of two different oral hygiene interventions on attitudes, subjective norms and self-efficacy, and examined the predictive value of these individual factors for interdental cleaning (IC), plaque control (PlI) and bleeding on probing 12-months after non-surgical periodontal treatment Participants (n=113) were randomly allocated to an experimental or a control group. The experimental intervention was an individually tailored treatment based on participants’ cognitions and beliefs, behavioral goals, and oral health status. In the experimental group, the intention to perform IC daily increased. High self-efficacy (SE) scores at baseline predicted daily IC and PlI scores ≤ 20%, 12-month after treatment. Individuals with low SE had a higher probability of attaining a successful level of oral hygiene if treated with experimental intervention rather than standard treatment.
Randomized controlled trial; Oral hygiene behavior; Periodontitis; Cognitive behavioral strategies; Theory of Reasoned Action
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-111535OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-111535DiVA: diva2:281529