uu.seUppsala University Publications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Sonochemical exfoliation of intercalated graphite: the influence of the solvent properties
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Materials Chemistry.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Biochemistry and Organic Chemistry.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Experimental Physics.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Experimental Physics.
Show others and affiliations
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Keyword [en]
Graphene
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-111638OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-111638DiVA: diva2:282108
Available from: 2009-12-18 Created: 2009-12-18 Last updated: 2010-02-17
In thesis
1. Fabrication and Functionalization of Graphene and Other Carbon Nanomaterials in Solution
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Fabrication and Functionalization of Graphene and Other Carbon Nanomaterials in Solution
2010 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

In the last decades several new nanostructures of carbon have been discovered, including carbon nanotubes (CNTs), and the recently discovered 2-dimensional graphene. These new materials exhibit extraordinary and unique properties—making them extremely interesting both for fundamental science and for future applications. It is, however, of crucial importance to develop new and improved fabrication and processing methods for these carbon nanomaterials. In this thesis the concept of applying solution chemistry and solution-based techniques to fabricate and to deposit graphene and other carbon nanomaterials is explored.

An area-selective deposition method was developed for CNT and carbon-coated iron nanoparticles. By utilizing organic functionalization the properties of the nanomaterials were tuned, with the purpose to make them soluble in a liquid solvent and also enable them to selectively adsorb to non-polar surfaces.

The first step of the functionalization process was an acid treatment, to introduce defects in the materials. This method was also used to create defects in so-called carbon nanosheets (CNS). The effect of the defect formation on the electric properties of the graphene-like CNS was studied; it was found that the resistance of the CNS could be reduced to 1/50 by acid treating of the sample. Also, the effect of the created defects on gas adsorption to the surface of the CNS has been investigated. This was done using atomic layer deposition (ALD) of TiO2 on the CNS, and a clear change in nucleation be-havior was seen due to the acid-treatment.

Furthermore, a solution-based new method for fabrication of graphene was developed; this method combines intercalation of bromine into graphite with ultrasonic treatment to exfoliate flakes into a solvent. From the solvent the flakes can be deposited onto an arbitrary substrate. Several important parameters in the method were investigated in order to optimize the process. One important parameter proved to be the choice of solvent in all steps of the procedure; it was shown to influence sonication yield, flake size, and deposition results. Toluene was identified as a suitable solvent. A mild heat-treatment of the starting material was also identified as a way to increase the exfoliation yield. Using this method, fabrication of few-layer graphene sheets was achieved and areas down to 3 layers in thickness were identified—this is in the very forefront of current solution-based graphene fabrication techniques.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2010. 57 p.
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1651-6214 ; 704
Keyword
Graphene, Functionalization, Carbon nanotubes, Carbon nanosheets
National Category
Organic Chemistry
Research subject
Organic Chemistry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-111655 (URN)978-91-554-7696-0 (ISBN)
Public defence
2010-02-12, Å2005, Ångströmlaboratoriet, Lägerhyddsvägen 1, Uppsala, 10:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2010-01-22 Created: 2009-12-18 Last updated: 2011-01-12

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Authority records BETA

Widenkvist, Erika

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Widenkvist, Erika
By organisation
Department of Materials ChemistryDepartment of Biochemistry and Organic ChemistryExperimental Physics

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

urn-nbn

Altmetric score

urn-nbn
Total: 896 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf