On the role of tribofilm formation on the alumina drive components of an ultrasonic motor
2009 (English)In: Wear, ISSN 0043-1648, E-ISSN 1873-2577, Vol. 267, no 5-8, 1295-1300 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Ultrasonic motors typically have a friction drive system to transfer the movement. The miniaturized motor type investigated here has a friction drive system consisting of two drive pads that transfer the high frequency oscillating movement of two piezoelectric elements to a linear drive rail. The pads and rail consist of alumina.
Fiction tests were carried out to investigate how the coefficient of friction between the drive pads and the drive rail depends on the number of strokes of the rail. It was found to initially increase with the number of strokes and then stabilize.
Scanning electron microscopy studies of the friction drive surfaces show how a tribofilm forms and develops with the number of strokes. Interestingly, the smooth tribofilm surface gives a higher coefficient of friction than the original rougher surface. To further investigate the nature of the tribofilm. cross section samples were produced with a focused ion beam instrument. The tribofilms show different characters and appear to form gradually by agglomeration and sintering of wear debris. Transmission electron microscopy showed the tribofilm to be amorphous and partly nano-crystal line. This high resolution investigation also clearly demonstrated that the tribofilm bonds very well to the underlying alumina grains.
The processes of friction increase and tribofilm build-up stabilize early compared to the lifetime of the motor.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier , 2009. Vol. 267, no 5-8, 1295-1300 p.
tribofilm, alumina, friction, ultrasonic motor
Research subject Materials Science
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-111717DOI: 10.1016/j.wear.2009.01.020ISI: 000267580700084OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-111717DiVA: diva2:282564