On the wear of PVD-coated HSS hobs in dry gear cutting
2009 (English)In: Wear, ISSN 0043-1648, E-ISSN 1873-2577, Vol. 266, no 3-4, 444-452 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
A hob is an advanced gear cutting tool usually made of homogenous high-speed steel (HSS) and coated by physical vapour deposition (PVD). It is designed for regrinding and recoating many times. However, hobs of today suffer from unpredictable wear making it difficult to schedule when they should be taken out for reconditioning. This investigation is aimed to contribute to the fundamental knowledge of the wear mechanisms and wear propagation of hobs used in dry gear cutting. Two AlCrN-coated hobs, used in actual gear cutting, were investigated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) to study the tool topography, light optical microscopy (LOM) to study metallographic cross-sections and by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) for surface analyses.
It is concluded that the high potential of PVD-coated HSS as tool material is not taken full advantage of. The main reason is a combination of a poor surface preparation prior to coating and excessively high compressive residual stresses, making parts of the coating detach along the edge line even on unused cutting teeth. During cutting, the high intrinsic stresses in combination with droplets and defects in the coating facilitated its fragmentation through decohesion and detachment. Simultaneously, the rake face is gradually covered by a thin oxide layer dominated by Fe, Cr and Mn in about equal amounts, and also with a significant content of Si. It is believed but not proved that this layer is beneficial.
To improve service life and reliability of gear cutting hobs, precautions should be taken for the grinding–polishing preparation prior to PVD-coating to ensure a smooth substrate free from burning damage and other defects. Also, the edge radius and coating thickness has to be matched with the magnitude of compressive residual stresses in the coating.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 266, no 3-4, 444-452 p.
Gear hobbing, High-speed steel, PVD-coating, Wear propagation
Research subject Materials Science
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-111756DOI: 10.1016/j.wear.2008.04.014ISI: 000263217300011OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-111756DiVA: diva2:282655