Regulation of boundary cap neural crest stem cell differentiation after transplantation
2009 (English)In: Stem Cells, ISSN 1066-5099, Vol. 27, no 7, 1592-1603 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Success of cell replacement therapies for neurological disorders will dependlargely on the optimization of strategies to enhance viability and control thedevelopmental fate of stem cells after transplantation. Once transplanted,stem/progenitor cells display a tendency to maintain an undifferentiatedphenotype or differentiate into inappropriate cell types. Gain and loss offunction experiments have revealed key transcription factors which drivedifferentiation of immature stem/progenitor cells toward more mature stages andeventually to full differentiation. An attractive course of action to promotesurvival and direct the differentiation of transplanted stem cells to a specific cell type would therefore be to force expression of regulatory differentiationmolecules in already transplanted stem cells, using inducible gene expressionsystems which can be controlled from the outside. Here, we explore thishypothesis by employing a tetracycline gene regulating system (Tet-On) to drivethe differentiation of boundary cap neural crest stem cells (bNCSCs) toward asensory neuron fate after transplantation. We induced the expression of the keytranscription factor Runx1 in Sox10-expressing bNCSCs. Forced expression of Runx1strongly increased transplant survival in the enriched neurotrophic environmentof the dorsal root ganglion cavity, and was sufficient to guide differentiationof bNCSCs toward a nonpeptidergic nociceptive sensory neuron phenotype both invitro and in vivo after transplantation. These findings suggest that exogenousactivation of transcription factors expression after transplantation instem/progenitor cell grafts can be a constructive approach to control theirsurvival as well as their differentiation to the desired type of cell and thatthe Tet-system is a useful tool to achieve this.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 27, no 7, 1592-1603 p.
Sensory neuron, In vitro, Mouse, Transcription factor, Transgene, Tet-system
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-111988DOI: 10.1002/stem.77ISI: 000268257100015PubMedID: 19544468OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-111988DiVA: diva2:284225