Fruit and vegetable consumption close to recommendations: A partly web-based nationwide dietary survey in Swedish adults
2009 (English)In: Food and Nutrition Research, ISSN 1654-661X, Vol. 53Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Fruit and vegetables (F&V) are strongly associated with health. The latest Swedish national dietary survey from a decade ago showed that consumption of F&V was below recommended levels. However, current consumption in different subgroups is not well known.
To investigate the consumption of various F&V types in Swedish adults grouped according to sociodemographic factors and self-reported physical activity (PA).
A cross-sectional survey using a quantitative pen-and-paper or web-based questionnaire in a population-based random sample of adults 18–84 years (final n=1,304; 51%). A self-administered 24-h recall and a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) were used to measure F&V consumption. Data on gender, age, education level, country of birth, and PA (hours/week) were included as grouping variables. Besides descriptive data, two-sample t-tests and non-parametric tests were performed. A P-value <0.01 was regarded as significant.
Mean F&V consumption based on the self-administered 24-h recall was close to the recommended five portions/day: 5.4 (99% CI 5.1–5.6) portions/day among women and 4.7 (4.4–5.0) portions/day among men (P<0.001). Also the FFQ showed that women generally consumed more F&V than men did. Consumption was lowest among respondents with ≤ 0.5 h self-reported PA/week (P≤0.001), as well as among men born in Sweden (P=0.006). F&V were consumed in almost equal amounts, and fresh F&V were most popular. Intake of berries and cooked F&V was relatively low.
The present study shows a relatively high F&V consumption close to the recommended five portions per day. Gender differences still exist. Also PA and country of birth were significantly associated with F&V consumption.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 53
fruit and vegetables, dietary survey, physical activity, questionnaire, web-based
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject Food, Nutrition and Dietetics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-112034DOI: 10.3402/fnr.v53i0.2023OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-112034DiVA: diva2:284420
ProjectsFruit and vegetables in everyday life. Consumption, attitudes and online health communication