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Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics and Philology, Asian and African Languages and Cultures, Iranian languages. (Iranian minority languages)
University of Frankfurt-am-Main. (Iranian minority languages)
2009 (English)In: The Iranian languages / [ed] Gernot Windfuhr, London and New York: Routledge , 2009, 634-692 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Balochi (Bal.) is spoken in south-western Pakistan, in the province of Balochistan as well as by smaller populations in Punjab and Sindh and by a large number of people in Karachi. It is also spoken in south-eastern Iran, in the province of Sistan and Baluchistan and by Baloch who have settled in the north-eastern provinces of Khorasan and Golestan. It is furthermore spoken by smaller communities in Afghanistan (particularly in the province of Nimruz), in the Gulf States (especially in Oman and the United Arab Emirates), in the Marw / Mari region in Turkmenistan, in India, East Africa, and nowadays also by a considerable number of Baloch in North America, Europe and Australia.

It is difficult to estimate the total number of Balochi speakers. Central authorities readily underestimate ethnic minorities, while members of ethnicities sometimes do the opposite. Censuses generally ignore the bi‑ or multilingual situation of most speakers. Moreover, large numbers of those who identify as Baloch do not speak the language any more, particularly in the areas bordering Indian languages in Punjab and Sindh, on the one hand, and in Khorasan and Golestan, on the other hand, as well as in East Africa and in the Gulf States. In contrast, Balochi has been retained quite well in Turkmenistan due to the adherence to a traditional rural lifestyle and the generally low level of education. The total number of speakers of Balochi has been estimated as being between 5-8 million (Jahani 2001: 59), but might also be somewhat higher than that. 

The chapter is a description of the various dialects of Balochi, their phonology, morphology and syntax. It also provides two short glossed samples of Balochi.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London and New York: Routledge , 2009. 634-692 p.
Keyword [en]
Balochi, Iranian languages, phononology, morphology, syntax
National Category
Specific Languages Specific Languages
Research subject
Linguistics; Iranian Languages
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-112279ISBN: 978-0-7007-1131-4ISBN: 978-0-203-64173-6OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-112279DiVA: diva2:285636
Available from: 2010-01-12 Created: 2010-01-12 Last updated: 2012-10-19Bibliographically approved

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