Growing with kin does not bring benefits to tadpoles in a genetically impoverished amphibian population
2008 (English)In: Canadian Journal of Zoology, ISSN 0008-4301, Vol. 86, no 1, 45-50 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The effect of intraspecific competition can be modified through the interaction with genetic relatedness among the competing individuals. Theory of kin selection predicts that organisms should modify their behaviour to increase the fitness of their relatives and consequently their inclusive fitness. However, in populations with low genetic variation, the recognition of kin and nonkin individuals could be compromised. In this study, we tested the influence of density and relatedness on larval development in a genetically impoverished population of the pool frog (Rana lessonae Camerano, 1882), exposing individuals from four families to two densities and to competition by full-sibling and nonkin larvae. Larvae in high-density treatment were smaller than those in low-density treatment. No effect of kin, or interaction between density and kin, was detected. However, significant differences were detected in body size among the families and high heritability for size was found in both densities. Lack of variation in recognition alleles may explain the lack of kin effects on growth, whereas variation has been maintained in life-history traits either owing to their polygenic inheritance or owing to maternal effects.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 86, no 1, 45-50 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-112382DOI: 10.1139/Z07-116ISI: 000253810700006OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-112382DiVA: diva2:286087