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Uridine adenosine tetraphosphate acts as an autocrine hormone affecting glomerular filtration rate
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2008 (English)In: Journal of Molecular Medicine, ISSN 0946-2716, E-ISSN 1432-1440, Vol. 86, no 3, 333-340 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Recently, uridine adenosine tetraphosphate (Up(4)A) was described as a strong vasoconstrictor released from endothelial cells after stimulation with mechanical stress. In this study, we isolated and identified Up(4)A from kidney tissue, and we characterized the essential varying effects of Up(4)A on the afferent and efferent arterioles. Porcine and human kidney tissue was fractionated by size exclusion chromatography, affinity chromatography, anion exchange chromatography and reverse phase chromatography. In fractions purified to homogeneity, Up(4)A was identified by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionisation time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS), MALDI-LIFT fragment mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF/TOF MS), retention-time comparison and enzymatic cleavage analysis. We analysed the release of Up(4)A from cultivated renal proximal tubule cells after stimulation of protein kinase C with oleoyl-2-acetyl-sn-glycerol (OAG). Up(4)A was identified in renal tissue, and the effect of Up(4)A on the vascular tone of isolated perfused afferent and efferent arterioles was tested. Stimulation of tubule cells with OAG increased the release rate of Up(4)A from tubule cells about tenfold. Up(4)A acts as a strong vasoconstrictive mediator on afferent arterioles, but has no significant effect on the tone of efferent arterioles, suggesting a functional role of Up(4)A as an autocrine hormone for glomerular perfusion. Because of the predominant effect of the Up(4)A on afferent arterioles, we assume that Up(4)A may decrease glomerular perfusion, intra-glomerular pressure and, hence, glomerular filtration rate. The release of Up(4)A from renal tubular cells may be an additional mechanism whereby tubular cells could affect renal perfusion. Up(4)A release may further contribute to renal vascular autoregulation mechanisms. In conclusion, as Up(4)A occurs in renal tissue and has marked effects on afferent but not efferent arterioles, Up(4)A may play a role in renal hemodynamics and possibly blood pressure regulation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 86, no 3, 333-340 p.
Keyword [en]
renal, hormone, homeostasis
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-112402DOI: 10.1007/s00109-008-0306-6ISI: 000253528200010PubMedID: 18250997OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-112402DiVA: diva2:286160
Available from: 2010-01-14 Created: 2010-01-13 Last updated: 2010-10-19Bibliographically approved

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