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Drosophila melanogaster virgins are more likely to mate with strangers than familiar flies
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Ecology and Evolution, Animal Ecology.
2008 (English)In: Die Naturwissenschaften, ISSN 0028-1042, E-ISSN 1432-1904, Vol. 95, no 3, 253-256 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Recent evidence shows that females of many species can discriminate against males and/or male phenotypes they have mated with previously. However, these studies have not tested whether actual mating is necessary to induce the avoidance behaviour. A preference for strangers may have evolved because it avoids multiple matings with similar genotypes. Alternatively, there may be selection against mating with familiar individuals directly. By choosing its first mate among unfamiliar individuals (which are less likely close relatives than are those encountered early in life), a virgin might disentangle some of the potential benefits of avoiding genetic incompatibility and inbreeding in the offspring from the costs of remating. In this study, we test whether Drosophila melanogaster flies bias their mate choice towards strangers according to previous, non-copulatory, experience. Based on 173 trials over 12 weeks, virgin females presented with two virgin males were 59% more likely to mate with a novel male than the one which she had been housed with for 8 h the day before. Hence we present the first report showing that a dipteran can distinguish between previously encountered and not previously encountered conspecifics.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 95, no 3, 253-256 p.
Keyword [en]
mate choice, familiar mate, drosophila melanogaster, individual recognition, rare male effect
National Category
Biological Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-112424DOI: 10.1007/s00114-007-0314-3ISI: 000253201700011OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-112424DiVA: diva2:286182
Available from: 2010-01-14 Created: 2010-01-13 Last updated: 2016-04-15Bibliographically approved

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Publisher's full texthttp://www.springerlink.com/content/44069021px40k351/?p=170c141416b04e5ab9fcc26575696f22&pi=10

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Ödeen, Anders
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