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Social adversity predicts ADHD-medication in school children: a national cohort study
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry.
2009 (English)In: Acta Paediatrica, ISSN 0803-5253, E-ISSN 1651-2227, Vol. 99, no 6, 920-924 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aims: To test the hypothesis that psychosocial adversity in the family predicts medicated ADHD in school children. Method: ADHD-medication during 2006 was identified in the Swedish Prescribed Drug Register in national birth cohorts of 1.1 million 6-19 year olds. Logistic regression models adjusted for parental psychiatric disorders were used to test our hypothesis. Results: There was a clear gradient for ADHD medication with level of maternal education, with an adjusted odds ratio of 2.20 (2.04-2.38) for the lowest compared with the highest level. Lone parenthood and reception of social welfare also implied higher risks of ADHD-medication with adjusted ORs of 1.45 (1.38-1.52) and 2.06 (1.92-2.21) respectively. Low maternal education predicted 33% of cases with medicated ADHD and single parenthood 14%. Conclusions: Social adversity in the family predicts a considerable proportion of ADHD-medication in school children in Sweden.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 99, no 6, 920-924 p.
Keyword [en]
ADHD, Adversity, Behaviour, Child, Socioeconomic
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-112751DOI: 10.1111/j.1651-2227.2009.01638.xISI: 000277320300026PubMedID: 20002622OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-112751DiVA: diva2:287772
Available from: 2010-01-19 Created: 2010-01-19 Last updated: 2016-05-02

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