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An Exploration of How Students Learn in a Pharmacy Internship
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmacy. (Pharmaceutical Outcomes Research)
Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Linköping University.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmacy. (Pharmaceutical Outcomes Research)
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmacy.
2011 (English)In: Pharmacy Education, ISSN 1560-2214, E-ISSN 1477-2701, Vol. 11, no 1, 177-182 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background - The pharmacy internship introduces students to pharmacy practice. An understanding of learning processes in the internship is vital for educators in order to develop activities that support learning.

Aim - The aim was to analyse students‟ learning activities in a Swedish pharmacy internship from both students‟ and tutors‟ perspectives.

Method - Interviews with pharmacy internship students (n=17) and pharmacist tutors (n=18) were performed, followed by a qualitative analysis.

Results – The results showed that learning activities ranged from formal, organized activities to informal learning by participating in the professional community. There was a perceived lack of integration between formal and informal activities. Tutors and students acknowledged the influence of the context for learning and the importance of tutors for supporting learning.

Conclusion - Both formal and informal learning activities have to be accepted and made explicit. Integrating formal and informal learning activities, using the full continuum of possible learning activities, can enhance learning.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 11, no 1, 177-182 p.
Keyword [en]
pharmacy internship, pharmacy practice experience, reflective practice, workplace learning, learning activities, semi-structured interviews
National Category
Social and Clinical Pharmacy
Research subject
Social Pharmacy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-112820OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-112820DiVA: diva2:288189
Available from: 2010-01-20 Created: 2010-01-20 Last updated: 2017-12-12Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Pharmacy Internship: Students’ Learning in a Professional Practice Setting
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Pharmacy Internship: Students’ Learning in a Professional Practice Setting
2010 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The aim of this thesis was to explore Swedish pharmacist students’ learning during pharmacy internship. Internships are meant to introduce students to professional practice. Education programs have to reflect changes in the professional role, and take into account that learning in a professional practice setting differs from organized formal education. This thesis includes both quantitative and qualitative research approaches and applies workplace learning theories.

A scheme for measuring pharmacy students’ reflective ability was developed and shown to be feasible and reliable. Factors important for reflection were found to be primarily social and contextual, especially trained tutor and small pharmacy size. Notably, learning style or critical thinking did not correlate to students’ reflective ability. Tutors and students perceived that students used a wide variety of activities supporting learning of a broad repertoire of knowledge and skills, preparing them for coming professional working life. Tutors are most important to support learning. However, the current curriculum and formal activities do not address all these outcomes and learning activities used, e.g. workplace learning.

The first overall conclusion is that internship plays an essential part in the pharmacist education program. The integration of formal and informal learning activities during internship, including raising awareness of incidental learning, is important to support students in learning the professional practice of pharmacy. This integration could possibly be strengthened by introducing further tutor training, different assignments, and by using portfolios.

The second conclusion is that the community of practice is essential for students’ learning during internship, especially the student-tutor interaction. Hence, the entire social context has to be considered and it is important to ensure a good learning environment at pharmacies during internship.

In summary, this thesis contributes to the understanding of students’ learning during pharmacy internship and introduces educational research on the Swedish undergraduate pharmacy education programs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2010. 95 p.
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Pharmacy, ISSN 1651-6192 ; 120
Keyword
pharmacy education, educational outcomes, pharmacy internship, advanced pharmacy practice experience, workplace education, tutoring, preceptoring, reflection, reflective practice, reflective journals, learning style, critical thinking
National Category
Social and Clinical Pharmacy
Research subject
Social Pharmacy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-112771 (URN)978-91-554-7725-7 (ISBN)
Public defence
2010-03-26, B21, Biomedical Centre (BMC), Husargatan 3, Uppsala, 13:15 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2010-03-05 Created: 2010-01-20 Last updated: 2010-03-05Bibliographically approved

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http://pharmacyeducation.fip.org/2011/12/an-exploration-of-how-students-learn-in-a-pharmacy-internship/

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Kettis Lindblad, ÅsaRing, Lena

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