Lung recruitment assessed by total respiratory system input reactance
2009 (English)In: Intensive Care Medicine, ISSN 0342-4642, E-ISSN 1432-1238, Vol. 35, no 12, 2164-2172 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
PURPOSE: ALI and ARDS are associated with lung volume derecruitment, usually counteracted by PEEP and recruitment maneuvers (RM), which should be accurately tailored to the patient's needs. The aim of this study was to investigate the possibility of monitoring the amount of derecruited lung by the forced oscillation technique (FOT). METHODS: We studied six piglets (26 +/- 2.5 kg) ventilated by a mechanical ventilator connected to a FOT device that produced sinusoidal pressure forcing at 5 Hz. The percentage of non-aerated lung tissue (V (tiss)NA%) was measured by whole-body CT scans at end-expiration with zero end-expiratory pressure. Respiratory system oscillatory input reactance (X (rs)) was measured simultaneously to CT and used to derive oscillatory compliance (C (X5)), which we used as an index of recruited lung. Measurements were performed at baseline and after several interventions in the following sequence: mono-lateral reabsorption atelectasis, RM, bi-lateral derecruitment induced by broncho-alveolar lavage and a second RM. RESULTS: By pooling data from all experimental conditions and all pigs, C (X5) was linearly correlated to V (tiss)NA% (r (2) = 0.89) regardless of the procedure used to de-recruit the lung (reabsorption atelectasis or pulmonary lavage). Separate correlation analysis on single pigs showed similar regression equations, with an even higher coefficient of determination (r (2) = 0.91 +/- 0.07). CONCLUSION: These results suggest that FOT and the measurement of C (X5) could be a useful tool for the non-invasive measurement of lung volume recruitment/derecruitment.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 35, no 12, 2164-2172 p.
Forced oscillation technique, ALI/ARDS, Mechanical ventilation, PEEP, Respiratory mechanics
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-112943DOI: 10.1007/s00134-009-1673-3ISI: 000271981200024PubMedID: 19789855OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-112943DiVA: diva2:289098