Predominant role of peripheral catecholamines in the stress-induced modulation of CYP1A2 inducibility by benzo(alpha)pyrene
2008 (English)In: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology, ISSN 1742-7835, E-ISSN 1742-7843, Vol. 102, no 1, 35-44 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The potential involvement of catecholamines and in particular of alpha(2)-adrenoceptor-related signalling pathways, in the regulation of drug-metabolizing enzymes by stress was investigated in Wistar rats after exposure to the environmental pollutant benzo(alpha)pyrene. For this purpose, total cytochrome P450 content, the CYP1A2 mRNA levels, 7-methoxyresorufin-O-dealkylase (MROD), 7-pentoxyresorufin-O-dealkylase (PROD) and p-nitrophenol hydroxylase activity levels were determined in the livers of rats exposed to repeated restraint stress after treatment with benzo(alpha)pyrene coupled with pharmacological manipulations of peripheral and/or central catecholamines and alpha(2)-adrenoceptors. The data show that stress is a significant factor in the regulation of CYP1A2 induction and that catecholamines play a central role in the stress-mediated modulation of hepatic CYP1A2 inducibility by benzo(alpha)pyrene. The up-regulating effect of stress on benzo(alpha)pyrene-induced CYP1A2 gene expression was eliminated after a generalized catecholamine depletion with reserpine. Similarly, in a state where only peripheral catecholamines were depleted and central catecholamines remained intact after guanethidine administration, the up-regulating effect of stress was eliminated. It is apparent that stress up-regulates the induction of CYP1A2 by benzo(alpha)pyrene mainly via peripheral catecholamines, while central catecholamines hold a minor role in the regulation. Pharmacological manipulations of alpha(2)-adrenoceptors appear to interfere with the effect of stress on the regulation of CYP1A2 inducibility. Either blockade or stimulation of alpha(2)-adrenoceptors with atipamezole and dexmedetomidine respectively, eliminated the up-regulating effect of stress on CYP1A2 benzo(alpha)pyrene-induced expression, while it enhanced MROD activity. In contrast, stress and pharmacological manipulations of catecholamines and alpha(2)-adrenoceptors did not affect total P450 content, the CYP2B1/2-dependent PROD and the CYP2E1-dependent p-nitrophenol hydroxylase activities. In conclusion, stress is a significant factor in the regulation of the CYP1A2 inducibility by benzo(alpha)pyrene, which in turn is involved in the metabolism of a large spectrum of toxicants, drugs and carcinogenic agents. Although the mechanism underlying the stress effect on CYP1A2 induction has not been clearly elucidated, it appears that peripheral catecholamines hold a predominant role, while central catecholamines and in particular, central noradrenergic pathways hold a minor role.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 102, no 1, 35-44 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-113050DOI: 10.1111/j.1742-7843.2007.00154.xISI: 000251766500007PubMedID: 17973897OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-113050DiVA: diva2:289811