CONCLUSION: It is suggested that transient receptor potential vanilloid (TRPV)-1 and -2 may be of pathological significance for sensory cells and ganglions, while TRPV-3 and -4 may play an important part in neuroprotection of the inner ear. OBJECTIVE: Changes in the expression of TRPV-1, -2, -3, and -4 in gentamicin (GM)-treated mouse inner ear were studied. MATERIALS AND METHODS: CBA/J mice were used in this study. The localization of TRPV-1, -2, -3, and -4 in the inner ear of both untreated and GM-treated CBA/J animals (intratympanic injection of 5 mg GM) was investigated by immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: TRPV-1, -2, and -3 were co-expressed in the inner ear sensory and ganglion cells, while TRPV-4 was also expressed in the stria vascularis and vestibular dark cells. Following GM treatment, the intensity of immunofluorescent reaction to TRPV-1 and TRPV-2 increased, while that to TRPV-3 and TRPV-4 decreased.
2009. Vol. 129, no 2, 116-26 p.