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Components of small urban parks that predict the possibility for restoration
Department of Landscape Architecture and Spatial Planning, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Norwegian University of Life Sciences.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for Housing and Urban Research.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9970-9164
Department of Landscape Architecture and Spatial Planning, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Norwegian University of Life Sciences.
Department of Landscape Architecture and Spatial Planning, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Norwegian University of Life Sciences.
2009 (English)In: Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, ISSN 1618-8667, E-ISSN 1610-8167, Vol. 8, no 4, 225-235 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In densifying cities, small green spaces such as pocket parks are   likely to become more important as settings for restoration.   Well-designed small parks may serve restoration well, but earlier   research on restorative environments does not provide detailed   information about the specific components of the physical environment   that support restoration. In this study we assessed the extent to which   hardscape, grass, lower ground vegetation, flowering plants, bushes,   trees, water, and size predicted the judged possibility for restoration   in small urban green spaces. We took individual parks as the units of   analysis. The parks were sampled from Scandinavian cities, and each   park was represented by a single photo. Each photo was quantified in   terms of the different objective park components and also rated on   psychological variables related to restoration. The ratings on the   psychological variables being away, fascination, likelihood of   restoration, and preference were provided by groups of people familiar   with such parks. The variables most predictive of the likelihood of   restoration were the percentage of ground surface covered by grass, the   amount of trees and bushes visible from the given viewing point, and   apparent park size. Formal mediation analyses indicated distinctive   patterns of full and partial mediation of the relations between   environmental components and restoration likelihood by being away and   fascination. Our results provide guidance for the design of small yet   restorative urban parks.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 8, no 4, 225-235 p.
Keyword [en]
Design, Pocket park, Landscape architecture, Stress, Restorative environments, Vegetation
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-113553DOI: 10.1016/j.ufug.2009.06.003ISI: 000272374600001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-113553DiVA: diva2:291090
Available from: 2010-01-29 Created: 2010-01-29 Last updated: 2017-12-12Bibliographically approved

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Hartig, Terry

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