Global comparison of the human and chimpanzee transcriptomes using Affymetrix exon arrays
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
We have used high-density exon arrays to study the human and chimpanzee transcriptome in cerebellum, heart and liver excluding probesets with mismatches to the chimpanzee. A total of 6281 RefSeq genes were expressed in our samples, the majority being expressed in two or more tissues, while ~ 6 % lacked expression in one of the species. A total of 923 RefSeq genes showed differences in expression between human and chimpanzes. More genes were differentially expressed in cerebellum (8.4 %) than in liver (6.9 %) and heart (4.5 %). Genes showing differential expression between species to a large extent also showed strong tissue-specific expression within species. Of the differentially expressed genes, more were upregulated in human versus chimpanzee, than the other way around. Liver had the highest proportion of genes with spliced genes (50 %), followed by cerebellum (40 %) and heart (30 %). Differentially expressed genes were often detected also as spliced (66-78 %). As one type of splice variation, we identified 26 genes with cassette exons, i.e. the exon is only included in one species. Cassette exon usage was tissue specific to a large extent and for the majority of cassette exons we observed expression in both human and chimpanzee in the other tissues. Taken together, our results indicate that splicing differences represents an extensive and important source of variation between species.
chimpanzee human transcriptome comparison
Research subject Bioinformatics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-113576OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-113576DiVA: diva2:291181