Thoracic aortic aneurysm patients with Chlamydophila pneumoniae infection showed a shift in trace element levels in serum and diseased aortic tissue
2009 (English)In: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology, ISSN 0946-672X, Vol. 23, no 2, 100-106 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Few studies have been performed on trace elements in tissues and serum in cardiovascular disease and none in aortic aneurysm. In this study the concentrations of 10 trace elements were determined in serum and aneurysmatic aortic tissue from 23 patients undergoing thoracic surgery. Macroscopically, normal thoracic aortic tissue specimens from 10 forensic autopsies and serum from 23 healthy blood donors served as controls. DNA from the intracellular respiratory pathogen Chlamydophila pneumoniae (C. pneumoniae), which may be involved in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis, was found in 26% (6/23) of the patients but in none of the controls. The serum copper/zinc ratio, a well-known marker of ongoing infection and/or inflammation, was higher (26%, p<0.001) in aneurysm patients. C. pneumoniae requires iron for its growth. In our aneurysm patients iron was higher in serum (by 54%, p<0.001) and aneurysmal tissue (by 60%, p<0.001). Although calcium was lower in patient sera (by 8%, p<0.001), it tended to be higher (by 20%, ns) in aneurysmatic tissue. In addition, mercury concentrations in serum and aneurysmatic tissue were positively correlated (r=0.51, p<0.05). Moreover, C. pneumoniae-positive aneurysmatic tissues had lower concentrations of manganese (46%, p<0.05) and zinc (26%, ns) but a higher concentration of mercury (50%, p<0.05) than C. pneumoniae-negative aneurysmatic tissues. In conclusion, aneurysm patients showed a shift in trace element levels in serum and in the diseased part of the aorta, the pattern being partly different in C. pneumoniae-positive compared with C. pneumoniae-negative patients. The results are compatible with active infection and/or inflammation, possibly initiated by C. pneumoniae.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 23, no 2, 100-106 p.
Aneurysm; C. pneumoniae, Serum, Trace elements
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-113845DOI: 10.1016/j.jtemb.2009.01.002ISI: 000266084000005PubMedID: 19398057OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-113845DiVA: diva2:291999