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Factors associated with psychological distress and grief resolution in surviving spouses of patients with advanced gastrointestinal cancer
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Caring Sciences.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Caring Sciences.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Caring Sciences.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Oncology, Radiology and Clinical Immunology, Oncology.
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2010 (English)In: Supportive Care in Cancer, ISSN 0941-4355, E-ISSN 1433-7339, Vol. 18, no 11, 1377-1384 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

GOALS OF WORK:

Patients with advanced gastrointestinal cancer often have a short survival time. This means that spouses only have a short time to adjust to the approaching death. The aim was to explore whether psychological distress at diagnosis, the course of the illness (anti-tumour treatment, respite period and survival time), the spouses' experience of the care and of losing a loved one were related to distress and grief resolution after the patient had deceased.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Twenty-one spouses were followed prospectively from the patient's diagnosis of advanced gastrointestinal cancer to 6 months after the patient death. Spouses' experiences were measured with an interview, psychological distress with the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and grief resolution with the Grief Resolution Index. MAIN

RESULTS:

The spouses' anxiety at the time of diagnosis was related to their anxiety and grief resolution at follow-up. Two additional factors were associated with higher levels of anxiety at follow-up; the patient having received anti-tumour treatment and the spouse having experienced stress as a caregiver.

CONCLUSIONS:

The study indicates that anti-tumour treatment, though it has the potential to prolong life, does not positively influence spouses' psychological distress and bereavement after the death of the patient.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 18, no 11, 1377-1384 p.
Keyword [en]
Palliative care, Cancer, Spouse, Bereavement, Psychological distress
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-113882DOI: 10.1007/s00520-009-0753-9ISI: 000282182500003PubMedID: 19936800OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-113882DiVA: diva2:292119
Available from: 2010-02-04 Created: 2010-02-04 Last updated: 2017-12-12Bibliographically approved

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Johansson, BirgittaNordin, Karin

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