The importance of scavenging reactive oxygen species in angi-aging medicine
2009 (English)In: Engineering in Life Sciences, ISSN 1618-0240, E-ISSN 1618-2863, Vol. 9, no 5, 363-375 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
In a pilot Study, we had reported on the beneficial effects of Ginkgo biloba (EGb 761) on arteriosclerotic nanoplaque formation and size in cardiovascular high-risk patients who had undergone an aortocoronary bypass operation. Briefly, nanoplaque formation and size, the ratio oxLDL/LDL, and the highly atherothrombotic lipoprotein(a) concentration were substantially reduced, while superoxide dismutase activity and the blood concentration of the vasodilating substances cAMP and cGMP were Upregulated. Since the arteriosclerosis prophylactic and well-aging promotive impact of Ginkgo extract has been proven in this pilot study, we wanted to confirm these beneficial effects through a second observational clinical trial. The measurable variables formerly used were additionally supplemented by a wide, novel biomarker spectrum, through which the latest parameters and markers of plaque stability and progression, oxidative stress, and inflammation were available. In eleven patients with metabolic syndrome in the initial stage, the reduction of arteriosclerotic nanoplaque formation amounted to 14.3 +/- 2.9% (p<0.0077) and of nanoplaque size to 23.4 +/- 3.7% (p<0.0004), respectively, after 2-(SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GPx) activities were upregulated by 19.6 +/- 10.0% (p<0.0785) and 11.6 +/- 2.3% (p<0.001), respectively, the quotient oxLDL/LDL lowered by 21.0 +/- 4.3% (p<0.002), and lipoprotein(a) concentration decreased by 26.3 +/- 4.8% (p<0.001) in the patients' blood. The concentration of cAMP and cGMP was augmented by 43.5 +/- 12.0% (p<0.001) and 32.9 +/- 10.4% (p<0.001), respectively. Surprisingly, we found a lowering of the serum Ca2+ concentration by 5.4 +/- 1.6% (p<0.0076) from 2.37 +/- 0.03 to 2.24 +/- 0.04 mmol/L (p<0.0069). Apart from an additional vasodilatory effect, the lowered extracellular Ca2+ concentration affects Could show a favourable development of the biomarkers 8-iso-PGF(2 alpha), oxLDL/LDL, SOD, GPx (oxidative stress), hs-CRP, MPO, TNF alpha TGF beta(1) (inflammatory status) and MMP-9 (plaque stability). The markers selected here are suited to provide a comprehensive risk profile for the prevention of arteriosclerosis. Finally, a multiple regression analysis reveals a basis for a mechanistic explanation of nanoplaque reduction under Ginkgo treatment. The arteriosclerosis inhibiting effect is due to an attenuation of the risk factors oxLDL/LDL, Lp(a), and [Ca2+](o) as well as to a significant increase in the vasodilator cAMP and cGMP concentration. Thus, Ginkgo with its pleiotropic effects should be assigned a fixed rank among the anti-aging medical therapeutics as a prophylactic measure, especially in patients with early-stage metabolic syndrome.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 9, no 5, 363-375 p.
Clinical trial, Ellipsometry, Ginkgo biloba, Metabolic syndrome
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-113933DOI: 10.1002/elsc.200800112ISI: 000272207800002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-113933DiVA: diva2:292203