A porcine model of massive, totally occlusive, pulmonary embolism
2009 (English)In: Thrombosis Research, ISSN 0049-3848, Vol. 124, no 2, 226-9 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
BACKGROUND: A reliable, animal model of massive, totally occlusive, pulmonary embolism (PE) is lacking. OBJECTIVES: To design an animal model of totally occlusive PE and to challenge the model by a plasminogen activator. METHODS: In eight anaesthetized pigs (approximately 90 kg) a massive preformed autologous thrombus was injected into the caval vein. One animal was autopsied to assess the extent of injected clot, whereas in the other animals extracorporeal life support (ECLS) was initiated and continued for three hours. These animals received 100 mg rt-PA. Blood gases, coagulation tests, creatine kinase (CK), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), end-tidal CO2, systemic and pulmonary artery blood pressures and flow were registered. RESULTS: All animals went into circulatory arrest within 2 minutes after injection of the thrombus. In the animal where ECLS was not started, autopsy relieved a totally occlusive embolus of the pulmonary artery. The ECLS maintained a systemic blood flow of 6-8 L/min with adequate oxygenation and CO2-removal. However, lactate increased and base-excess became negative. Ddimer increased, fibrinogen decreased, and CK and LDH increased. All seven animals were weaned from ECLS. Despite the rt-PA treatment, the animals had at that time low end tidal CO2/PaCO2 ratio and increased mean pulmonary arterial pressure, suggesting a significant amount of embolic material remaining in the pulmonary artery. CONCLUSION: This model of massive, totally occlusive, pulmonary embolism mimics well fatal PE seen in the clinic, and has the potential for use in testing of new therapeutic interventions.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 124, no 2, 226-9 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-114157DOI: 10.1016/j.thromres.2009.01.010PubMedID: 19232684OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-114157DiVA: diva2:293251